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Grand preparations for the 12-year-old 'Makkar Mela' in Panauti

Kavrepalanchok, Baishak 3: In the historical, religious-cultural, and archeological city of Panauti, physical infrastructure is being constructed in preparation for the 'Capricorn Fair' to be held every twelve years. The city has already started the work of physical infrastructure in different areas of the city including Sachitirtha-Trivenighat in Panauti in preparation for the fair. The Capricorn Fair will be held throughout the month of January this year.

During the twelve-year Makar Sankranti, a Makar fair is held in Panauti. Pilgrims come to the fair not only from Nepal but also from North India Prayag. The main venue of the fair is Trivenighat in Panauti. The city has put forward several plans to organize the fair with additional physical infrastructure in the place. There is a religious belief that bathing in this place and offering water to Gorakhnath at Kunjagiri to the north is a great blessing.

The road connecting Dhandachaur-Suryabinayak-Manedovan and Ranikot-Suryabinayak-Jakidol and BP highway from Panauti is being constructed and upgraded to make the month-long fair more systematic. Mayor Bhim Neupane said that the city will upgrade the Panauti-Bansdol, Panauti-Khopasi, Panauti-Kushadevi, Panauti-Banepa, and Panauti Ashapuri roads and bring them into operation as much as possible.

According to Neupane, the Panauti-Banepa (Punyamata Corridor) under construction will provide much relief to reduce the traffic jam on the upgraded Banepa-Panauti road during the fair. "We expect that it will be easier for the followers of Dharma to maintain and upgrade the various roads leading to Panauti," said Neupane. Panauti is 25 kilometers east of the federal capital Kathmandu and six kilometers south of Banepa.

A dozen consumer committees have recently been formed in the presence of the mayor to hold the fair. The committee has been given the responsibility to decorate not only Trivenighat but also the entire Panauti like a 'bride' by the end of next year. Of these, the main work is to make the temples and pavilions inside the Panauti with glitter and glitter. Also, a reception gate will have to be constructed at the main entrance of Panauti. The city has allocated more than Rs 30 million for the physical construction since the current fiscal year, said Mayor Neupane.

Neupane said that the physical infrastructure including the Bailey Bridge around Trivenighat and the footpath on the left and right side of the Punyamata River from Maneshwari Bus Park to Trivenighat are being set up at a fast pace to organize the fair. According to him, the city plan includes maintenance of stone fountains, provision of additional streams, maintenance of sidewalks, removal of zinc sheets from historical plates, covering of chariots with necessary repairs, and adequate provision of street lights. 2078, Panauti stickers and flexes will be hung.

As per the plan of the town, stairs towards Roshi river and four dams on Roshi river in Trivenighat area and toilet maintenance in the same area, construction of toilets in Maneshwari bus park area and temporary toilets in necessary areas will be constructed. During the fair period, clean water will regularly flow from Malpi Dam to Roshi Khola and Malpi-Lilawati Bansdol Khola. For this, it is planned to stop mining and mining activities and import a week before the start of Makar Mela.

According to historians, the water of Trivenighat in Panauti was also kept by King Pratap Malla after the construction of Ranipokhari. Apart from the Punyamata and Roshi rivers, it is believed that the Padmavati river is flowing secretly at Trivenighat, the confluence of three rivers. At the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers in Prayag, India, Roshi is considered to be the Rudravati river at Panauti, just like the Saraswati Mission river, Lilavati is the Punyanmata river and Padyamavati is the river flowing under the Brahmayani temple.

According to the Skanda Purana, in the Himavat Khand (Nepal Mahatmya), in ancient times, the creator Parabrahma created 'Ahilya' beauty and handed it over to the sage Gautam who could keep it in the bus of the ten senses. When he returned after bathing, he found out that Indra had lost his virginity. The angry sage cursed him to produce the same thing that he longed for. Thousands of vaginas were seen on Indra's body as a sign of sin.

It is said that the sage cursed Ahilya to become a stone after he was deprived of his conscience like a stone after Satvaharan. Ahilya (Shila), located in the northeast corner of the Indreshwar Mahadev Temple in Panauti, is considered to be the oldest temple of art after the wooden mandapa in Kathmandu. Devraj Indra, who has a vagina all over his body, came to Panauti for 12 years. 

According to another legend, after a severe drought in Patan and Panauti, when there was famine, the Tantric people of both places used to pray to Phulchoki Mike and ask for water. Fulchowki's mother had said that she would give a gift to the one who offered the first silver and gold flower after the competition for water between the two areas was going on. After this, the gold and silver potters of Patan allowed them to make the flowers. Here, the Tantrics of Panauti said that they did not know Kaligarh and offered mustard and radish flowers (looking like gold and silver). Fulchowki's mother had sent water to Panauti.

After six years, she made a flower of gold and silver and offered it to her mother. It is believed that the Godavari fair is held every six years and the Makar fair is held every 12 years. In the Triveni confluence of Panauti, where religious activities take place from birth to death, the deity Madhav Narayan is brought here in Sankhu and Bhaktapur every year for two days.

Twenty-five years later, Panauti is listed as a World Heritage Site

The historical, religious-cultural, and archeological city of Panauti will be inscribed in the World Heritage List. The city has said that the work of listing Kavrepalanchok's Panauti as a World Heritage Site, proposed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 25 years ago, has gained momentum this year. The decision of the cabinet meeting is awaited for the final process of listing. After the work of listing Panauti as a World Heritage Site was started last year, UNESCO's Nepal Chief Christian Manhart recently observed the historical, religious, and archeological heritage of Panauti. During the visit, Manhart informed the local people's representative that UNESCO was ready to list the monastery and the house with old Nepali origin in the World Heritage List with special interest. The city had also allocated a budget for the process.

"We are preparing to be inscribed on the World Heritage List before the 12-year Makar Mela (January 2078 BS). The work has been taken forward in the current fiscal year by allocating budget for it," said Mayor Bhim Neupane. According to him, the city has allocated Rs. 10 million in the current fiscal year to get it listed on the World Heritage List. Neupane informed that a decision is yet to be taken by the cabinet meeting after the ministry-wise process of listing has been finalized. He said, "After the decision of the cabinet meeting, UNESCO will list Panauti as a World Heritage Site."

The local RP Foundation has already handed over the detailed study report (DPR) of 72 original Nepali houses to be rebuilt by the city in the process of listing. According to him, the city office has conducted training in making artistic wood, conducting homestay, and conservation of archeological heritage for the development of cultural tourism. After Kavrepalanchok's Panauti is inscribed on the World Heritage List, it will be called 'Panauti UNESCO World Heritage Site'. UNESCO lists the heritage of a nation as having special cultural significance (such as forest, mountain, lake, island, desert, monument, building, or city). Which is selected by the World Heritage Committee.

Panauti has been declared a 'memorial area' by the government in 2058 BS as per the Ancient Monuments Preservation Act 2031 BS. UNESCO's Nepal-based body had proposed to list Panauti as a World Heritage Site in 2052 BS as a medieval architectural site. Since then, the work of the listed has been in limbo due to the negligence of the stakeholders, said Mayor Neupane. The Department of Archeology is currently rebuilding the historic monastery and old artistic-style house in Panauti. There are more than 100 historical monasteries, pati, and pauwa in wards 5, 6, and 7 of Panauti Napa. The monasteries, pavilions, and pavilions were repaired and renovated from 2048 BS to 2055 BS with the help of the French government.

According to the Department of Archeology, four areas of Nepal have been listed on the World Heritage List. These include Kathmandu Valley (seven areas of the valley: Kathmandu Durbar Area, Patan Durbar Area, Bhaktapur Durbar Area, Pashupatinath Temple, Swayambhunath, Bouddhanath, and Changunarayan Temple), Chitwan National Park, Lumbini, and Sagarmatha National Park. So far, Nepal has proposed to UNESCO to list 15 historical and tourist sites, including Panauti, in the World Heritage List. Of these, Panauti is seen to be the first on the list. रासस।

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